Electrolytes are ions in the body, including chloride ions, potassium ions, sodium ions, etc. They play a crucial role in regulating intracellular and extracellular osmotic pressure and maintaining normal physiological functions. Once someone is taken to the hospital due to summer heat stroke, doctors will recommend that the patient undergo an electrolyte test to ensure that the electrolyte content in the body is within the normal range, which is a key means of evaluating the patient's overall health and whether there is electrolyte disorder.
1、 The importance of electrolyte testing
The importance of electrolyte testing lies in its ability to reveal whether the body's electrolytes are in a balanced state. Only when the electrolyte concentration is maintained within a normal range can the body's metabolic process proceed smoothly. When electrolyte disorders occur, patients may experience severe symptoms such as poisoning, convulsions, and coma. Therefore, electrolyte testing is a guarantee for early diagnosis and treatment of patients.
2、 Electrolyte detection and blood sampling additives
When conducting electrolyte testing, selecting an appropriate test tube for blood collection is crucial. Generally, substances such as anticoagulants, coagulants, or separators are added to the blood collection tube, and the items applicable to different test tubes with these additives also vary. However, electrolyte tubes typically contain heparin lithium anticoagulants, which can prevent blood clotting and ensure the stability of the blood sample.
3、 The anticoagulant mechanism of heparin lithium
Early electrolyte testing may use heparin sodium as an anticoagulant, but with the development of technology, heparin lithium has replaced the application of heparin sodium in this field. The reason for this change is the advantage of heparin lithium in anticoagulation. It can inactivate thrombin by activating antithrombin III, without interfering with electrolyte measurements such as potassium ions, sodium ions, and chloride ions, thus ensuring the accuracy of experimental results. In addition, heparin lithium can also prevent platelet aggregation, further enhancing its anticoagulant effect, making it an ideal anticoagulant for electrolyte detection.
In electrolyte testing, selecting the appropriate test tube is crucial. As an excellent anticoagulant, heparin lithium has significant advantages in electrolyte testing. It not only helps medical staff improve efficiency, but also ensures patient testing results, enabling them to receive timely treatment.
As a raw material supplier for blood vessel additives, Desheng can provide a full range of reagents, such as serum separation gel, heparin lithium, heparin sodium, EDTA potassium salt, etc., all of which are of analytical purity grade, with high main content, no odor or impurities, making it easy to prepare, store, and transport. If you have any interest, please feel free to contact us for purchase!
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